Is anything stopping you from growing a vegetable garden at home? Are you not yet familiar with hydroponics or growing a system at home to meet your gardening needs? You may be wondering where to start despite having a paramount desire to make a homemade hydroponic system. It is not impossible to create your own system step-by-step by using some simple materials from your home.
Growing your hydroponic system in your dream garden or backyard has myriad benefits for families and individuals like you. That allows you to enjoy and reap a fresh supply of vegetables and nutritious foods. There is no sense in spending a lot of time and energy going to the supermarket in your car when you can make things work out better at home.
There are many types of hydroponic systems available for beginners to create their favorite system of food production. In this post, let us get into the nitty-gritty of how a deep water hydroponic system works and how you can build it yourself.
The Best Hydroponic System for Beginners
Before we explain how you can build a super-efficient hydroponic water system in your lovely garden, let us explore what is the best hydroponic system for beginners just like you. In this great system, home growers don’t have to get blood from a stone; this goal can be simply achieved by growing in large water containers or buckets.
If you are a commercial user, then a better strategy is to use rafts that can swim on the surface of the water. They will remain floating until the season of harvest comes. Because there are no moving components or parts in a hydroponic system, that means it is amazingly simple and less costly to build at home.
Furthermore, in a DWC system, water does not recirculate. The water remains stored in the reservoir for the whole life of a plant you grow. The roots of the plant can get air from the water that you car aerate easily. Moreover, in the soil, the roots underneath get the vital air from air pore spaces.
So you may be wondering what can you grow in your DWC system? Let us shed some light on the best crops you can grow in your home DWC system.
Why Should You Build a DIY Hydroponic System at Home?
When you decide to grow a DIY hydroponic system in your dream garden or backyard, it offers a plethora of benefits. Regardless of the large or small space available at your home, you can create a lovely garden and watch it thrive with a few wise tactics.
The good news is that this garden at home is unlike a traditional garden that requires less spending on regular pesticides to keep it safe. Since hydroponic garden preserves a lot of water, they are extremely environmentally-friendly. And you will still be able to grow the delicious crops that you can grow in a traditional garden.
The Best Crops you can Grow in your Home Hydroponic System
Not all the plants are heavy or bulky. You can easily grow the following crops in a home-made hydroponic system.
Because the roots in this type of system are not anchored well, which is why you are not advised to grow tomatoes and other heavy crops. However, tomatoes can also be grown if you get the right support to the roots to keep the plant upright.
So, now that you know the basics of hydroponic systems to help you grow plants at home, let us dive into the details of how to make a homemade system in a few simple steps.
The Types of Water-Based Crop Growing Systems
As stated earlier, a homemade hydroponic system is a simple one that does not require complex steps or materials to get the best results. Depending on the type of system you want to build at home, you may require a different set of equipment and materials to create a perfect system.
The following type of hydroponic systems can provide you excellent results if you do it right.
Hand Watering Method
The Hand Watering System is the lowest cost system that you can grow in your home to get delicious results. This method allows slow draining that is build using the vermiculite and coconut coir.
You need to water the plant every day and stick to a good feeding plan. You are set to go with a powerful system that costs nothing.
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Deepwater Culture DWC
The deepwater culture DWC system is also known as the reservoir method. This homemade hydroponic system can be easy to build. for making a DWC system, you do not need something expensive or complicated. You will just require a cheap plastic storage tote or a fish aquarium. A few air stones will be just perfect to help you accomplish the goal.
Make some effort to keep the light away from the solution of nutrients. That will ensure no algae or fungus can ruin your efforts of growing the crop.
Flood and Drain Method
For this type of hydroponic system, you will require two plastic storage totes, an aquarium, an air pump, and a timer. Using the plastic tube, these materials are easy-to-assemble. You can easily get all the parts from Amazon.
Nutrient Film Technique
The Nutrient Film Technique can also help to build a savvy homemade hydroponic system. You will need only a few things such as plastic gutters, a PVC pipe, and a water container. You will also require a plastic tote for a nutrient reservoir. The creator can use one line from the pump to feed the top PVC pipe.
Your homemade wick system will need you to have two storage totes, a plant container, and a nylon rope. One storage tote will become the nutrient reservoir on the bottom. A medium is required to hydrate the plant containers.
Decide the Position or Place of the Hydroponic System
Location is king when you decide to put your hydroponic system at home. Even though hydroponic systems can thrive and survive in any space large or small, the location counts where size matters less.
A good idea is to build a garden at a place that is less prone to disturbance from animals, pets, trespassers, and kids. A tightly enclosed space is the best place to create your home hydroponic garden. The temperature can also be controlled at a place where there are no chances of disturbance.
Don’t grow your home garden in a dark place for a phenomenal result. For example, a basement can be the least ideal place for growing a hydroponic garden because plants will be dead soon and it may not make sense to you. Plants can grow properly in a sunny place.
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How to Take the First Step on your Hydroponic System
If you have decided to grow a hydroponic garden at home, then congratulations! You are about to take the first step towards making your dream come true. There are a few important things you need to consider before growing your first hydroponic garden at home. You need to follow these steps holistically to get the best returns on what you grow and reap.
Materials You Need to Make a Hydroponic System at Home
Here is a list of important materials you need to get started with this vital endeavor.
Setting Up your Hydroponic System at Home
As mentioned above, there are quite a few types of hydroponic systems you can grow right at home. However, the hydroponic system that can best suit your needs can depend on your existing skills. Moreover, the limitations of space you can dedicate to your home garden also impacts the quality of your garden. Finally, you also need to be able to devote a few hours of daily time to make sure everything works out fine in growing your garden.
Because most successful home water-based gardens are often built using PVC pipes, you can easily get your hands on a quality PVC pipe by visiting a home improvement store. You may also use a standard pipe and a pump to help nutrients reach your crops inside the pipe. However, these pipe-based systems are built to recycle water and nutrients. Therefore, a pump is vital to building your brand new crops and vegetables.
To begin with the activity, you need to first build some holes at the top of your pipes. This is where you will be placing your plants in the first place. So make sure you cut your pipes at the top nicely. That will also make the water mixture to wash the roots appropriately. Once done nicely, fortifying the plants and helping them grow properly is easy for you in the later stages.
Moreover, if you are interested in growing a handful of plants, you can create holes in buckets and your nutrients can enter the roots from the bottom. This is the best choice for garden-lovers who want to grow a few plants or crops and also lack expert skills regarding the mechanics of setting up a PVC pipe.
Mix the Nutrients and Add the Crops You Want
Without the right nutrients, you cannot start the party rolling in your home hydroponic garden. The typical rule as stated by the experts is adding only one cup of nutrients in every 25 gallons of water you use. Don’t rush to put your plants into the water yet. Allow the pump to mix the nutrients with water so the mixture is cohesive when you put the plants.
Now you can start adding plants.
If you use seedings, don’t forget to remove all the soil from their roots before putting them into your home garden. Moreover, you should also do this with gentle hands and not try to force it. It is necessary because, without gentleness, the water inside whether cold or hot could destroy the weak roots of the plant.
You can purchase seedlings from any online store you prefer or buy them from the market. Once you know that your roots are ready and clean, time is good to put them in PVC pipe or bucket to get started with the fun.
Also, make sure that the roots are firmly put in the clay pallets. Vital water and nutrients must also be accessed easily to roots. Make sure the position of the pipe and bucket is also good. That way, you will be able to put all the necessary nutrients your plants need to flourish.
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Understanding the Roots
Most crops you grow have a root system below the green part. These roots however can become a problem for you. When the roots start to grow more than they should, they can block the pipes and cause water to flow backward in your system.
In this situation, you need a little bit of hair-cutting skills. No, you don’t have to cut your hair. This time, you need to thin out some overgrown roots to make the whole system work well.
Supporting Your Plants in the System
This is the step where your trellis will work for your goal. Once, the plants are already put in the bucket or a PVC pipe, it is time to ensure that they are growing without interruptions. That calls for creating a proper support system for the plants. Yeah right!
To guide the plants in the best direction to stay upright, you need to provide them a support system. This step is crucial and care must be taken not to do anything wrong to get the desired results. Since many small plants can easily feel shocks and breakages, you need to be careful with seedlings to provide them appropriate support.
An effective way to support your seedlings and small plants to stand up right is to tie them to the trellis. That will guide the process well to grow healthy straight plants. Do not try to fix them to stand like glued objects. Just support those plants in the small space.
Therefore, the moral of this lesson is: You need to support your small and new plants whether you are using a large or small space. Dealing with one or multiple plants can make support more important for them to grow flawlessly. Hence, you need to maximize the area while still giving plants a lot of room to thrive.
Start the Pump and Watch your Crops Grow
Now comes the most interesting step of this whole process. Your dream garden is about to turn into a reality. All you need to do is to start up the pump and let the garden do the rest. You will be surprised to know what an amazing job you have done.
More importantly, your home hydroponic garden can be a blessing for your environment. The garden will not only provide you with delicious vegetables and fruits, but you will also have no stress of dealing with pesticides and their harmful effects.
The Cost of Hydroponics System
In this post, the system that you can develop is less expensive or cheap. All the materials discussed above costs less than $100 for growing an entire system. Also, you can buy some additional tools for under $50 such as:
The Final Words
It is such great news that you are now able to discover a simple step-by-step action plan to create your first hydroponic home garden. The garden can improve the wellbeing and health of your entire family. However, never in any circumstances, you should leave your plants to the mercy of nature of fate. This means you should always keep an eye on your plants.
There will be times in the coming days when you will feel the need to cut short the plants or make some adjustments to space. You may need to trim the plants that they are growing in a straight line. If you are using a single pipe and growing more than one plant, make sure that you have a lot of fun growing multiple plants and ultimately have the time of your life.
To make the most of your hydroponic home adventure, you can use the make a mixture of green salads or just grow onions. But that is not the end. If you cut the green leaves of the salad, they can grow back until the leaves are healthy. So you can enjoy an unlimited supply of fresh homegrown salads and green foods with a homemade hydroponic system.