Vertical gardening is a creative way to decorate your home or its surrounding with plants. You can place vertical gardens on a balcony, in your kitchen, or even in your bathroom. Vertical gardens can also be put on your porch or a patio.
Vertical gardening has grown in popularity as it is a fun way to get the enjoyment of gardening without the additional labor and space requirements that traditional gardening can demand.
To successfully grow and maintain a vertical garden, there are some things you will need to think about. These concerns include the soil you will use, which fertilizer blend you will apply, how much light your plants will need, and which containers you will put your plants in.
The most important concern you will have as a vertical gardener however is knowing which plants will you grow. Depending on how much space you have available and how much light that location will receive, you may or may not be able to grow certain plants. Some plants require shade while others need ample light.
You also should think about why you want to grow a garden. Is it because you want to add to your home decoration, or do you want to increase your intake of fresh, home-grown vegetables? Knowing your reason “Why?” can go a long way in making your vertical garden growing experience easier.
Now that we’ve explored some of the things you should think about before you begin to grow your garden, let’s now discuss which plants are best for vertical gardening depending on your specific resources and unique garden desires.
Best Plants for Vertical Gardens Receiving Full Sun
If your space requirements or decoration desires call for your garden being located in a location that will receive a lot of sunlight, then the plants listed in this section may be ideal for you.
Commonly called stonecrops, sedums are succulent plants that come in an array of colors. They also have varied textures and heights. These pretty plants come in two types: low-growing and upright.
Low-growing sedums are short, only growing to be a few inches or less, and they spread along the ground. Upright sedums, however, grow to be tall, and they form clumps that produce a tight bundle of small lovely flowers.
Sedums don’t require a lot of water, and they can grow quickly.
Wave petunia plants spread as they grow, so they are capable of filling a large pot. These attractive plants are ideal for people who are new to gardening or have a busy lifestyle. Simple to grow, wave petunias are versatile and great for planting in a row.
Inexpensive and self-cleaning as well, these plants do not need their dead flowers clipped. Moist soil, sunlight, and regular feeding is practically all that is needed to make these plants grow well.
If your vertical garden is not just for decoration but also for feeding you as well, then thyme is a great option for you to grow. This herb comes in two types that are easy to find: common thyme and lemon thyme.
Thyme plants grow low and spread, and due to their length, they can exceed the boundaries of their pots. To grow thyme best, use unfertilized soil that is somewhat dry.
Begonias bloom vibrant flowers that can add light to shady areas. There are three popular types of begonias: wax, tuberous, and angel wing.
The stems on wax begonias are succulent, and their leaves can either be green or reddish-brown. The leaves on wax begonias are also shiny and rounded, the flowers that bloom from this plant can be shades of pink, red, or white.
Tuberous begonias come in two varieties: upright or trailing. Their leaves can be burgundy or green, and their flowers can be various shades of oranges, pinks, whites, yellows, or reds.
Angel wing begonias have dark green leaves, and the underside of their leaves are typically red.
One important thing to know about these plants before you choose to plant them in or near your home is that they are toxic to pets. They can also cause an allergic reaction in some people.
Aeschynanthus plants, typically called lipstick plants or lipstick vines, are flowering plants that have waxy leaves that are also pointy. This plant blooms flowers in clusters, and their flowers are bright red in color.
This plant gets its nickname from its blooming flowers resembling an open tube of red lipstick.
To successfully grow this unique plant in your vertical garden, it needs airy soil and good fertilization. Neither shade nor full sun is good for this plant. It needs ample light but not throughout the entire day. You should water lipstick vine moderately, being sure not to soak its soil.
Best Plants for Vertical Gardens in Shaded Areas
Whether you want to brighten up a darker spot in your home or you just live in an area that doesn’t get much sun, the plants listed in this section can thrive with little sunlight.
Ferns have neither seeds nor flowers, but these varied plants come in many types. Ferns are a good plant to grow if you want your vertical garden to have a nice texture.
While they don’t grow flowers, some ferns, such as the Japanese painted fern, can grow eye-catching leaves that are very colorful. Ferns require a little more effort to grow than some of the other plants on our list as they need moist soil that is not soggy to grow. They also need balanced soil nutrients.
These exotic-looking plants are a staple in shaded gardens, and they produce flowers throughout the entire summer season that can be a variety of pinks, purples, and whites. Moist soil that is also fertile is a necessity to make Fuchsia plants grow.
Creating large leaves with variegated patterns, pothos plants, also called devil’s ivy, require little maintenance. These plants can trail down your vertical garden for years, and all they’ll need to thrive is consistent watering and irregular fertilizing.
Bromeliad plants add a colorful and exotic flair to your home decoration. These plants grow best when placed in shallow pots. Caring for this plant is simple to do; it does not require any special fertilizers.
Hosta plants, also called plantain lilies, are easy to grow and have long lives. These sturdy plants should be planted in the spring.
Hostas grow best in partial sun, but they can also survive in dark areas. A slow-release fertilizer that is balanced well should be used when growing these plants, and their soil should be moist but not wet.
The Best Edible Plants You Can grow in Your Vertical Garden
We’ve mentioned thyme above, but there are other plants that you can grow in your vertical garden that do not require much effort.
Also referred to as sugar snap peas, these edible-pod peas are easy to grow and should be placed in shallow containers. Plant these peas in spring.
Like snap peas, these root vegetables are easy to grow. Radishes can be grown in winter or spring depending on their type. Cherry bomb radishes, for example, should be planted in spring whereas long black spanish radishes due best in winter weather.
These dwarf tomatoes only grow to about two feet in height. Their plants are strong and dense. Patio tomatoes need a lot of sunlight to grow, and their soil should be well-drained and fertile.
When planting Patio tomatoes, their container should be at least 30 cm or 12 in. across.
Growing kale does not take up much space, and the process is relatively quick. From seed to harvest, kale can take approximately two months. Kale grows best in moist soil.