When we think about decorating our houses, plants are some of the decorative pieces we reach out for. However, identifying the best plant, especially for beginners is hard, because some may require more maintenance and time than others.
However, pothos, commonly known as Epipremnum aureum, is one of easy ones to take care of. It is a common species of vines, which originated from Mo'rea in French Polynesia. Some of its other common names include ivy arum, Ceylon creeper, devil's ivy, and taro vine.
Its trailing stems covered in heart-shaped leaves are perfect to have draped over your cupboards and shelves. You can also have them hanging over your balcony from hanging baskets.
While there is only one natural pothos species, Epipremnum aureum, horticulturalists have continually developed other different varieties. Some of those varieties include:
1. Golden Pothos
This is the traditional species and the most commonly found pothos. It has heart-shaped and mid-green leaves with splashes of creamy gold. The leaves grow largest under a lot of warmth and light, with most of them growing up to 12 inches wide in frost-free areas.
It is the easiest to grow out of other pothos varieties and is also the most vigorous. This plant is perfect for both indoors and outdoors, but it is invasive if you plant it in humid areas. Therefore, experts advise against planting golden pothos outside in zones 10 and 11.
If you plat it and support it against a tree, it could grow up to 2-3 feet long, spiraling against the tree.
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2. Marble Queen Pothos
This is another commonly planted type of pothos. It has heart-shaped green leaves that are heavily streaked and splashed with creamy white. The white and green colors could be 50/50 on the leaves, or there could be more white than green.
The leaves are similar in size to those of the golden pothos. However, due to the little chlorophyll, it grows slower than other types of pothos. Depending on the branch you propagated the plant from, the leaves could either be more or less variegated.
To maintain the white on the leaves, ensure you place it in a place with a lot of sunlight; otherwise, it will compensate for low light by making more chlorophyll, turning the eaves green.
Because of their beautiful leaves, marble queen pothos is perfect to have on a table for decorative or sculptural purposes.
3. Neon Pothos
This is one of the most distinct pothos varieties. Neon pothos has heart-shaped leaves that are either golden yellow or bright chartreuse that have no variegation. The leaves have a perfect heart shape of all other pothos varieties.
The young and newer leaves are normally brighter than the older ones. To get the best color out of this plant, grow it in a place with bright sunlight. In low-light, the leaves get a darker and duller color because it develops more chlorophyll.
Because of its perfect leaves and bright color, this plant is perfect to have a feature decorative piece on your table.
4. Jessenia Pothos
Jessenia pothos has heart-shaped green leaves marked with an abundance of chartreuse. That makes it similar to marble queen, although you can tell the difference because marble queen has more chartreuse than Jessenia.
In Jessenia pothos, every leaf is different as they all have different levels of chartreuse. Another way to differentiate it from marble queen is that its leaves are lightly variegated compared to marble queen leaves.
It is also a slow-growing variety of the pothos species. To get the best color from this plant, grow it in bright light.
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5. Manjula Pothos
This is a variety of pothos created by the University of Florida that holds its patent, meaning that nobody else can produce it.
One of the distinctive features of this pothos variety is its green, wide, and heart-shaped leaves, variegated with shades of white, silver, light green, and cream. Every leaf is different, but most of them have large green patches, while others are heavily splashed and flecked.
In the Manjula pothos leaves, there is no definite line between the variegated parts. Therefore, the creamy parts sometimes have speckles or spots of other colors. Their leaves also have wavy edges, and they do not lay flat on surfaces like the leaves of other pothos.
Be careful where you plant your Manjula pothos, and try to move it around to maintain the balance between the dark and light colors.
6. Pearls and Jade Pothos
This is a beautiful pothos variety that has green leaves variegated with silver-gray and white. The variegation mainly appears at the edges rather than in the middle, as is common in other pothos varieties.
Unlike other varieties, the white parts of the leaves are mottles with silver-gray and green tones. In addition, pearls and jade have smaller leaves than other pothos varieties, which makes them grow slower.
To main the variegation and prevent the green from becoming darker, grow your plant in a place with a lot of sunlight. Similar to the Manjulas pothos, the pearls and Jade were created and patented by the University of Florida.
7. Cebu Blue Pothos
This plant is a bit different from other pothos varieties. It has blue-green arrow-shaped leaves that often have a small metallic sheen.
While the young leaves of this plant are arrow-shaped, the mature plants can grow and produce big blue-green leaves that have natural splits like a monstera.
Cebu Blue pothos is a slow-growing variety of pothos, and for the best growth, you should grow it in a sheltered place with a lot of bright but indirect sunlight and warmth.
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8. Hawaiian Pothos
This is one of the best pothos varieties for beginners, as it is easy to take care of and resistant to diseases. It has large green and glossy gold leaves. The main color on the leaves is green, with the gold or yellow-green color following the lateral veins to the edges of the leaves.
As it grows older, it develops aerial leaves on the stem, which enhance its tropical forest look. If you want it to grow thicker and enhance its lush tropical forest theme, prune it regularly.
It not only serves as a great corner plant for decoration, but its leaves are also perfect for purifying the air in your home.
9. Trebi Pothos
Trebi pothos has heart-shaped leaves with a tip that bends sideways. The heart shape of the leaves resembles a lanceolate. The leaves have a beautiful pattern of silver-green and green. Green is the main color on the leaf, with silver-green appearing as patches, blots, and dots.
Sometimes, those dots and patches of silver-green join to make an eye-catching shape. Because of its beautiful pattern, it is perfect to set a decorative piece on a table. To bring out the pattern even more, place it against a light or dark background.
10. Glacier Pothos
This is a small and variegated type of the pothos plant, and because of its unique features, it is gaining popularity in many garden centers and people’s homes. Besides its small nature, it is also a compact plant, which makes it perfect for you to have on your coffee table.
The main color of the leaves is emerald green, with soft-looking, defined, and broad patches of cream white. Those patches create a decorative and sculptural shade on the leaves.
To maintain the cream white patterns, grow it in bright light areas and trim it often to give it a fuller look.
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11. N-Joy Pothos
This is one of the most recent varieties of the pothos species. It has small, broad leaves that are often ovate with green and clear white patches. Unlike in other pothos plants, white is the main color on the leaves of the N-Joy pothos.
The green on the leaf changes shades depending on the age of the plant and the amount of light, from pale to dark green. The patches on the leaves take different colors, making this plant perfect for decoration. It is also a slow-growing variety.
To encourage growth and keep the balance between the white and green patches, grow it in a place that receives bright indirect sunlight.
12. Satin or Silver Pothos
Satin or silver pothos has small and heart-shaped leaves with a deep green that has spots in different shades of silver. Unlike other pothos varieties, the silver pothos blooms occasionally.
To get the best growth and best colors on the leaves, grow your silver pothos on a hanging basket or pedestal, where it receives a lot of bright but indirect sunlight.
While all these pothos varieties are different in appearance, they have the same growing and maintenance needs. They are easy to grow and take care of. Some of the basic requirements you need to grow these pothos varieties include:
Pothos are naturally flowering plants when you grow them outdoors. However, they will not flower indoors, so you have to use a special hormone if you want some flowers. When left alone, pothos can grow to a height of around 1.8-3 meters.
Therefore, you have to keep pruning and trimming it. They are also easy to propagate, and that shows very high success rates.