Well known for their air cleaning ability, the peace lilies are one of the easiest houseplants to grow. There are over 40 types of this plant, with spathiphyllum ‘Domino’ as the newest hybrid. This is the only variegated species of the peace lilies hence called Variegated Peace Lily.
It has a striking appearance with splashes or white variegation, looking like someone splashed white paint on the leaves. The white variegation is interspaced throughout the leaves. Like the other solid green varieties, it readily blooms with white flowers rising above the foliage.
Sometimes known as spaths, the plant's natural beauty is in the attractive white flowers and is valued for its foliage. The flowers start as green and turn white as they mature.
Planting and Care
You can grow them outdoor in the ground or containers in 10-12 regions and indoors in all other zones. Plant in a shady area with 68 to 85 degrees Fahrenheit as the ideal daytime temperature and 40 to 55 degrees Fahrenheit as night temperature. The plant requires well-drained moist soils; therefore, avoid areas where water floods.
Space them about 3ft apart. If you are planting in containers, whether indoor or outdoor, ensure the container of planting is well-drained 3 to 5 inches wider than the root ball. Use very little fertilizer as it may burn the roots.
It would be best if you did not use High-quality potting mixes as they contain fertilizer. Instead, make your potting mix of 40% peat moss, 20% vermiculite, 20% perlite, and 20% pine bark. Place the plant in low-light areas away from direct sunlight when grown indoors.
The best propagation method is division, where you separate the plant into sections by dividing the root clump of the original plant in the middle. You can do this every two years to allow the plant to bloom. Plant each segment in a separate pot.
The division will depend on how many plants you want to grow and the number of crowns that the plant has. Dividing can be done by a sharp knife or gentle removal by hand. Ensure the section has at least two leaves for successful propagation. Check the foliage and root before planting to remove any loose or brown parts.
Watering and Nutrients
The plant thrives in moist soils but does not require overwatering. Before watering, ensure the water is at room temperature and allow the chlorine in the water to settle. You can also use bottled spring water at room temperature. Be extra careful when watering to avoid wetting the leaves and only water the plant base.
Apply very light fertilizer on the plant. Fertilization should be done one month after planting using a balanced fertilizer whose usual application strength has been diluted. About every six weeks, reapply diluted fertilizer.
Even though the plant rarely needs to be pruned, it is easy to know when to do so. After ten days of flowering, the flowers fade from white to green and start to wilt. First, identify the wilted and dead flowers before you deadhead. After this, keenly trace the flower stalk to the plant base and, using sharp and disinfected pruning shears, remove the stalk just above the soil.
You will need to prune the leaves once they discolor and become yellow or brown or when they wilt. This may be as a result of too much sunlight or lack of enough water. The leaves may naturally discolor and wither as the plant grows, and for this reason, it is crucial to remove the wilted and decaying leaves to allow for new growth.
Using sharp shears that are disinfected, you can either cut the discolored part of the whole leaf depending on the extent of the damage.
Controlling Pests and Diseases
There are very few pests and diseases that infest this plant. It is usually affected by scale insects and mealybugs. Soak a cotton ball with rubbing alcohol and use it to wipe away the mealy bugs. To control scale insects, gently scrape off the insects' bodies from the leaf.
The plant is susceptible to root rot called Cylindrocladium spathiphylli. This disease can be transmitted through contaminated water from one plant to another. Symptoms include red or brown lesions on the root and a decaying appearance. Yellowing of leaves is the secondary symptom of this disease.
The plant is also affected by a soil-borne fungal disease called phytophthora. It causes root rot and leaf spots with black lesions on the leaves that lead to wilting as the symptom of the disease. Cultural control methods such as avoiding water from the same tray and distancing the plants from each other prevent the diseases.
If the plant is infected by phytophthora, you should throw it.
You should re-pot your plant once the roots grow above the soil, usually once or twice a year. If the roots start growing round in circles reducing the plant's performance and the plant's growth, you will also need to re-pot to loosen the roots. The new container should be more significant than the original one to allow the new fragile roots to adapt well to the new environment.
You do not have to leave air pockets; instead, ensure the roots are well covered. Ensure the plant is raised to its original height by adding enough soil to the new pot. Re-poting creates enough space for the roots to grow, stretch out and allow the soil to hold more water to prevent the plant from drying out.
If you are doing a small transplant, do not use an enormous container, and it is allowed to use the soil from the old pot. Blooming in peace lilies is a result of warm and comfortable roots.
Like any other variety of peace lily, Domino peace lily can survive in almost every area of your home because of their small heights and width. It is always essential to ensure that the plant is only open to shade and moderate light and not exposed to direct sunlight. The variegated peace lily is among the most loved houseplants because of its ability to grow in a low-light environment, ease of care, and resilient nature. Improve the attraction and air of your home with the green marbled leaves, beautiful white flowers, and the distinct smell of Domino peace lily.